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英语句型之===比较句型  

2012-03-02 12:38:15|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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as/so ... as ...
   结构︰as/so+形容词或副词原级+as…
   说明︰此句型意为“…和…一样…”。比较两件东西,并表示它们的程度一样。第一个 as 为<副词>,第二个 as 则为<副词><连接词>,引导<副词子句>,修饰第一个 as。在 as…as 中可插入单数<可数名词>,即:“as+<形容词>+a/an+<名词>+as”。若是複数<名词>,可用“as many/few+複数 <名词>+as”;若是<不可数名词>,则用“as much/little+<不可数名词>+as”。“as+原级(形、副)+as+原级(形、副)”这形式表示有关同一人(物)的两种不同的性质、状态是一样程度的,译作“既有…且还有…”。
   He is as handsome as his brother (is). 
   他和他哥哥一样英俊。
   Judy goes to the movies as often as Sara does. 
   朱迪像莎拉一样时常去看电影。
   Old John goes to sleep as easily as a baby does.
   老约翰像婴儿一样容易入睡。
   The girls are as busy with their work as bees.
   这些女孩子就跟蜜蜂一样忙着工作。
   He is as nice a boy as Peter (is). 
   他和彼得一样都是好男孩。
   She has as many friends as Mary (does).
   她和玛丽一样有许多朋友。
   He has as much money as John (does).
   他和约翰一样有很多钱。
   He is as clever as (he is) handsome.
   他不但英俊而且聪明。
   My teacher is as kind as (she is) intelligent.
   我的老师不但善良而且聪慧。
  as many/much ...
   结构︰as many/much+名词…
   说明︰此句型意为“同数(量)的…;一样多”。本<片语>旨在用以代替句中前面已提到的相同数字,以避免该数字的重複。
   He was tired enough to make ten errors in as many (=in ten) pages.
   他疲倦得十页中犯了十个错误。
   Mike read five books in as many (=in five) months. 
   麦克在五个月内看了五本书。
   I didn’t expect that he should have committed three robberies in as many days.
   没想到(老实的)他居然在三天内犯了三次抢劫罪。
  as many/much as ...
   结构︰as many/much as+数字+複数名词/不可数名词
   说明︰此句型意为“多达…”。不要与“as many/much+<名词>”(同数量的…)混淆。同理,此类<片语>还有:as long as+数字+<名词>(长达…),as wide as+数字+<名词>(宽达…), as high as+数字+<名词>(高达…),as early as+数字+<名词>(早在…),as late as+数字+<名词>(迟在…)等。
   She has as many as seven sisters. 
   她的姊妹有七人之多。
   As many as 100 people were killed in the air crash.
   这次空难中多达一百人丧生。
   I gave the beggar as much as 1,000 yen. 
   我给了这乞丐整整一千元。
   Building costs ran up to as much as NT$ 20 million. 
   建筑费用涨到高达新台币两千万。
   I have been learning English (for) as long as 15 years.
   我学英文已有十五年之久。
   He came home as late as two in the morning.
   他迟至清晨两点才回家。
   I saw your brother as late as last week.
   上个礼拜我还看到你哥哥。
   The river is as wide as 100 meters.
   这条河宽达一百公尺。
   I mailed the letter as early as Friday. 
   我早在星期五就把信寄了。
  A is as much + N + as B is
   结构︰主词+be+as+much+名词+as+(be)+主词
   说明︰此句型意为“…和…同样…”。“as much+<名词>+as+(be)+<主词>”的 be 通常省略或放句末。
   Comets are just as much members of the sun’s family as (are) the other planets.
   彗星和其他的行星同样是太阳家族的成员。
   To eat too much is as much a bad thing as to eat nothing.
   吃太多和什么都不吃同样是坏事。
   He is as much a member of the orchestra as Tom.
   他和汤姆同样是管絃乐队的成员。
  not as/so + ADJ/ADV + as + N
   结构︰not as/so+形容词/副词+as+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“不像…那样…”。as…as 可用於肯定句或<否定句>,而 so…as 仅可用於<否定句>构中。
   It is not as (so) popular as other foods.
   它不像其他食物那样受欢迎。
   He does not study as (so) hard as John.
   他不像约翰那样用功。
   I am not as (so) careful as Tom.
   我不像汤姆那样细心。
  as far as ...
   结构︰as far as+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“到…之远;到…的程度”。而“as far as+<主词>+<动词>”则表示“只要…,在…范围内的话…”。
   Swallows from England go as far as South Africa.
   英国来的燕子飞到南非那样远的地方。
   We walked as far as the railroad station.
   我们走到火车站那样远的地方。
   We drove as far south as Kaohsiung.
   我们往南开车一直到高雄。
   He went as far as Yokohama to meet his friend from England.
   他远至横滨去迎接由英国来的朋友。
   I swam as far as I could.
   我尽可能地游远。
  ... just as ... as ...
   结构︰主词+动词+just as+形容词/副词+as+(代)名词/动名词
   说明︰此句型意为“…就像…一样…”。第一个 as 是“同样的;一样的”,第二个 as 是“像”之意。若<主词>之后不是 be <动词>,则 as 之后不用<形容词>,而要用<副词>。
   Being a good pedestrian is just as important as being a good driver.
   做一个好的行人就像做一个好的司机一样重要。
   Writing is just as important as reading. 
   写作就像阅读一样重要。
   He wrote just as carefully as Tom.
   他就像汤姆一样小心地写。
  ... as ... as one can
   结构︰…as+形容词/副词/名词+as one can
   说明︰此句型意为“尽可能…”。“as ... as one can”相当於“as ... as possible”。one 要随<主词>的人称而变化,而 can 要随<时态>变化。
   To speak English fluently, you had better read as many English articles as you can.
   要想把英文讲得很流利,你最好尽量多看英文文章。
   Take as much exercise as you can.
   尽可能多做运动。
   Be as careful as you can. 
   尽可能小心。
   Our teacher explained the lesson to us as clearly as he could.
   我们的老师尽可能清楚地为我们解释这一课。
   She needed to soften her request to make it as polite and courteous as she could.
   她需要使请求语气柔婉,以便尽可能把它变成有礼貌与客气。
   You should be as careful as you can in making friends.
   在交朋友方面,你应该尽可能小心。
   We had better learn by heart as many sentence patterns as we can.
   我们最好尽可能多背句型。
   I looked down the road as far as I could. 
   我尽可能遥望这条路。
   I will try to save as much as I can. 
   我会设法尽可能多储蓄。
   You should remain as quiet as you can.
   你应尽可能地保持沈默。
  ... as ... as ... can be
   结构︰主词+be 动词+as+形容词+as+(形容词)+can be
   说明︰此句型意为“极…,不亚於任何人…”。此<句型>借重複同一个<形容词>而成为强调此<形容词>的说法。常用的此类<片语>有:as plain as plain can be(再明白不过了),as wise as wise can be(再聪明不过了),as white as white can be(白得不能再白了),as wrong as wrong can be(错得太离谱)等。
   His failure is as plain as plain can be. 
   他的失败是再明白不过了。
   He is as handsome as (handsome) can be. 
   他潇洒极了。
   She is as kind as can be.
   她极为和颜悦色。
   Mary is as hardworking as can be. 
   玛丽在班上之用功不输任何人。
   He may not be so clever as Peter, but he is as industrious as can be.
   他也许不如彼得聪明,但却用功极了。
  as ... as ever
   结构︰as+形容词/副词+as ever
   说明︰此句型意为“与往常一样…”。
   He seems to be as busy as ever. 
   他似乎和往常一样忙碌。
   He works as hard as ever.
   他和往常一样努力工作。
   She was as beautiful as ever after so many years.
   过了那么多年,她美丽如故。
  ... times as ... as ...
   结构︰倍数词+as+形容词/副词+as…
   说明︰此句型意为“是…的几倍”。“两倍”是 twice,而三倍以上的“倍”,通常用 times。
   An ordinary subway train, approaching the station, can be twice as loud as the loudest jet.
   平常的地下火车接近车站时,发出的声音可能是最大声的喷射机的两倍。
   This line is four times as long as that one. 
   这条线是那条线的四倍长。
   I am twice as old as he. 
   我的年纪是他的两倍。
   She studies three times as hard as I. 
   她用功的程度是我的三倍。
   He earns twice as much as he used to. 
   他比往常多赚二倍的钱。
   She spent half as much money as you. 
   她花掉的钱只有你花掉的一半。
  ... times the/my N ...
   结构︰…倍数词+the(或所有格)+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“是…的几倍”。<倍数词>与<名词>之间一定有 the 或<所有格>。有时可改为“<倍数词>+as+<形容词>”。三倍以上的“倍”,通常用“times”。而“more than+<倍数词>+the(或<所有格>)+<名词>”译为“是…的几倍还不止”。
   It was over twice the distance of the earth from the sun.
   那是地球到太阳的距离的两倍多。
   Line A is four times the length of line B.
  线条 A 是线条 B 的四倍长。
   I have five times the number of Tom’s books. 
   我有五倍於汤姆的书。
   He has three times my money.
   他的钱是我的三倍。
   He has more than three times my money. 
   他的钱是我的三倍还不止。
   The river is ten times the length of the Tamsui River. 
   这条河的长度是淡水河的十倍。
   Holland has two-thirds the inhabitants of the state of New York, which is four times the size of Holland.
   荷兰的居民是纽约州的三分之二,而纽约州却是荷兰的四倍大。
  more than ... as ... as
   结构︰more than+倍数词+as+形容词/副词+as
   说明︰此句型意为“是…的几倍还不止”。“两倍”是twice,而三倍以上的“倍”,通常用times。
   He is more than three times as rich as I. (=He is three times richer than I.)
   他的财富是我的三倍还不止。
   He studies more than three times as hard as I.
   他用功的程度是我的三倍还不止。
   I am more than twice as old as he.
   我的年龄是他的两倍还不止。
   He has collected more than three times as many stamps as I (have).
   他搜集的邮票是我的三倍还不止。
  ... times ...er than ...
   结构︰倍数词+形容词或副词比较级+than…
   说明︰此句型意为“比…大几倍”。“两倍”是twice,而三倍以上的“倍”,通常用times。
   We now know that X-ray waves are 2,000 to 10,000 times shorter than light waves.
   我们现在知道X光波比光波短二千到一万倍。
   This street is four times shorter than that one.
   这条街道比那条短四倍。
   The mother elephant is one hundred times heavier than the baby elephant.
   这只母象比小象重一百倍。
   It is ten times louder than another. 
   它比另外一个的声音大十倍。
   This street is three times wider than that one. 
   这条街比那条街宽三倍。
   I am twice older than he.
   我的年纪比他大两倍。
  not so adj. as adj.
   结构︰not so+形容词/副词+as+形容词/副词
   说明︰此句型意为“与其说是…倒不如说是…”。相当於“<形容词>/<副词>+rather than+<形容词>/<副词>”。
   She is not so beautiful as charming. (=She is charming rather than beautiful.)
   与其说她美倒不如说她迷人。
   He is not so clever as diligent. 
   与其说他聪明倒不如说他勤奋。
   She is not so kind as simple. 
   与其说她善良不如说她单纯。
  not so much + N as + N
   结构︰not so much+名词+as+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“与其说是…倒不如说是…”。相当於“<名词>+rather than+<名词>”。
   He is not so much a writer as a scholar. 
   与其说他是作家倒不如说他是学者。
   He is not so much a genius as a hard worker. 
   他的努力胜於天份。
   The Apollo program was not so much a scientific achievement as a technical accomplishment. 
   阿波罗计划与其说是一项科学成果,不如说是一项技术成就。
  not so much ... as ...
   结构︰not so much+介系词片语/不定词片语+as+介系词片语/不定词片语
   说明︰此句型意为“与其说是…倒不如说是…”。相当於“<介系词片语>/<不定词片语>+rather than+ <介系词片语>/<不定词片语>”。
   Happiness hinges not so much on wealth as on health.
   快乐与其说在於财富倒不如说在於健康。
   One’s greatness lies not so much in his wealth as in his character.
   一个人的伟大与其说是由他的财富来判断,倒不如说是由他的品德来判断。
   Success lies not so much as in luck as in hard work.
   与其说成功在於运气不如说是辛勤努力。
   I lay down not so much to sleep as to think.
   我躺下来与其说是要睡觉,倒不如说是要思考。
   It is not so helpful to give someone some bread as to teach him how to make a living.
   与其说给人麵包很有帮助,倒不如说教导他如何谋生才重要。
   Our success was attributed not so much to your help as to our cooperation.
   我们的成功与其归功於您的帮忙,不如归功於我们的合作。
   The great use of a school education is not so much to teach you things as to teach you the art of learning.
   学校教育的最大用处,与其说是教你事物,不如说是教你学习的方法。
   The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it. (=The oceans do not divide the world so much as unite it.)
   与其说是海洋分割这个世界,不如说是统一这个世界。
  not so much as ...
   结构︰not so much as ...
   说明︰此句型意为“甚至都不…”。相当於“not even ...”。本<片语>使用时,要置於<助动词>之后,即: cannot so much as+原形<动词>(甚至…都不能),do not so much as+原形<动词>(甚至…都不),have not so much as+过去<分词>(甚至…都没有)。
   He cannot so much as write his own name. (=He cannot even write his own name.)
   他甚至连自己的名字都不会写。
   He did not so much as thank me.
   他甚至都没谢我。
   He is so stupid that he can’t so much as eat. 
   他蠢得甚至连吃饭都不会。
   When Mary walked in, she didn’t so much as take a glance at me, which angered me.
   玛丽进门时,连看我一眼都没有,真令人生气。
  the more ..., the more ...
   结构︰the+比较级…,the+比较级…
   说明︰此句型意为“愈…,就愈…”。若句中的<主词>为一般<名词>,而非<代名词>(he,it,you,they)或<专有名词>(John,Mary),且后面的<动词>为 be <动词>时,该 be <动词>可省略。
   The more you soften a request, the more polite it becomes.
   你愈使请求柔婉,请求就愈变为客气。
   The longer you stay here, the more you will like the place.
   你在这里待得愈久,你愈会喜欢这个地方。
   The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you will make.
   你愈小心,你犯错就会愈少。
   The more I learn, the less I feel I know.
   学而后知不足。
   The closer you stay to nature, the more you will appreciate her beauty.
   你愈接近大自然,就愈能了解它的美。
   The more leisure he has, the less he stays at home.
   愈是有空,他愈不肯待在家里。
   The better the boy (is), the more I like him. 
   这男孩愈好我愈喜欢他。
   The colder the weather (is), the more comfortable my life (will be).
   天气愈冷,我的生活就愈舒服。
   The bigger the house (is), the more money it will cost. 
   房子愈大愈值钱。
   The more haste, the less speed. 
   欲速则不达。
   The more noble the more humble.
   结实愈丰者,其穗愈低。
   More profit and less honor.
   舍名逐利。
   The sooner the better.
   事不宜迟。
   The more you have, the more you want. 
   拥有愈多,欲望愈高。
   The more you beat iron the harder it grows. 
   铁不炼不成钢,玉不琢不成器。
  more and more ...
   结构︰比较级+and+比较级
   说明︰此句型意为“愈来愈…”。
   The noise of traffic grows louder and louder.
   交通的噪音变得愈来愈大。
   It is getting hotter and hotter. 
   天气愈来愈热。
   You should study harder and harder.
   你应该更用功念书。
   The girl became more and more beautiful. 
   这女孩变得愈来愈漂亮了。
   With the rapid economical development, China’s position on the international stage is getting more and more important.
   随着经济迅速发展,中国在国际舞台上的地位变得愈来愈重要了。
  ... more ... than ...
   结构︰主词+be 动词+more…than…
   说明︰此句型意为“…是…而不是…”。在“…”的位置,可以用<名词>,<形容词>,或带有形容词性的<分词>。
   You may also find that reading has become more fun than work!
   你或许也会发现阅读已经变成是有趣的事,而不是工作。
   It is more a made-up story than a real occurrence.
   那是杜撰的故事,而不是真实发生的事情。
   I was more disappointed than discouraged.
   我是失望,而不是泄气。
   He seems more like a military officer than a business executive.
   他似乎比较像一个军官,而不像一个商业行政主管。
   He is more a sprinter than a swimmer.
   他是短跑健将,而不是游泳选手。
   I am more frightened than hurt.
   我吓坏了而没有受伤。
   Sue is more beautiful than Jane.
   苏比珍较美。
   The computer is more expensive than the typewriter.
   这部电脑比这部打字机更贵。
   People in the country are happier than people in the city.
   乡下的人们比城市的人们更快乐。
  N1 more ... than N2
   结构︰名词1+比较级+than+名词2
   说明︰此句型意为“比…更为…的…”。
   People have to live on something more nourishing than hope.
   人们必须依赖比希望更滋养的东西来过活。
   I have never seen a girl more beautiful than Mary.
   我从未见过比玛丽更为美丽的女孩子。
   I want some persons more experienced than Tom.
   我要一些比汤姆更有经验的人。
  more N than + ADJ/V-ed
   结构︰比较级+名词+than+(be 动词)+形容词/过去分词
   说明︰此句型意为“比…来得更多的…”。be <动词>通常省略。
   Some people give higher priced gifts than necessary for the situation.
   有些人给了比情况所必要来得更高价的礼物。
   I did more work than required.
   我做了比所被要求的来得更多的工作。
   We were given more money than necessary for the project.
   我们被给了比计划所要求来得更多的钱。
  It is better to V1 than V2
   结构︰It is+比较级+to+原形动词1…than+(to)+原形动词2…
   说明︰此句型意为“…比…更…”。than 之后的 to 可以省略。
   It is better to laugh than (to) weep. 
   笑比哭好。
   It is more comfortable to lie on a lawn than (to) sit in the office.
   躺在草坪上比坐在办公室里舒服。
   It is harder to teach than (to) study. 
  教书比读书辛苦。
  make ... more ... of ...
   结构︰主词+make+受词+more+形容词+of…
   说明︰此句型意为“…使…更加…”。根据不同的情况,句子可以有不同<时态>。
   Darkness would make him more appreciative of sight. 
   黑暗会使他更加珍惜视力。
   Their sudden attack made us more aware of the danger around us.
   他们突然的攻击使我们更加注意我们周围的危险。
   Your encouragement made me more confident of my future.
   你的鼓励使我对我的未来更加有信心。
  all the more for ...
   结构︰all the+比较级+for+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“即使…却更加…;因为…反而更加…”。for 为<介系词>,之后接<名词>为其<受词>。也可写成“all the+比较级+because-子句”。because 为<副词><连接词>,之后接<主词>+<动词>,引导<副词子句>。
   You will enjoy stories all the more for having understood the characters in them.
   你会因为已经瞭解小说中的角色,而更加喜欢小说。
   I love her all the better for her poverty (=because she is poor).
   因为她穷,我反而更喜欢她。
   I like the book all the more for its beautiful illustrations.
   我因为精美的插图而更加喜欢这本书。
   He studied all the harder because he had failed (=for his failure).
   因为他失败了,他反而更用功念书了。
   She is all the more beautiful for her shabby clothing (=because her clothing is shabby).
   即使她衣衫褴褛,却显得更美丽了。
   I respect him all the more because he has faults. 
   因为他有缺点,我反而更尊敬他。
   I like Kyoto all the better for its many narrow streets.
   正因为小道多,我反而更喜欢京都。
  none the ...er for ...
   结构︰none the+比较级+for+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“即使…却一点也不…”。相当於“none the+比较级+because-子句”。for 为<介系词>,之后接<名词>为其<受词>;because 则为<副词><连接词>,之后接<主词>+<动词>,引导<副词子句>。
   His health is none the better for his exercise (=because he takes exercise).
   即使他运动,他的健康状况却一点也不好。
   She is none the more beautiful because she wears a fancy dress.
   即使她身穿时髦洋装,却一点也不漂亮。
   He is none the happier for his great wealth.
   即使他有钱,却一点也不快乐。
   He is none the wiser because he has read many books.
   他虽然读了不少书,可是并未因此而聪明些。
  none the less ... for ...
   结构︰none the less+形容词/副词+for+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“即使…却仍然”。相当於“none the less+形容词/副词+because-子句”。none the less 为<副词>,译成“仍然”,可修饰<动词>,<形容词>或<副词>;修饰<动词>时,置於该<动词>之后;修饰<形容词>时,置於该<形容词>之前;修饰<副词>时,置於该<副词>之前。
   I love him none the less because he is poor.
   即使他穷,我还是爱他。
   She is none the less beautiful for her shabby clothing.
   即使她衣衫褴褛,却仍然美丽。
   He studied none the less hard because he had failed. 
   即使他失败了,却仍然用功念书。
  ... no more ... than ...
   结构︰A+动词+no more+B+than+C+动词+D
   说明︰此句型意为“A 不是 B 正如 C 不是 D”。“no more ... than”等於“not ... any more than”。若 than之后的词类与前面的词类相同,可以省略;若不同,则不可省略。
   A whale is no more a fish than a horse is. 
   鲸鱼不是鱼正如马不是鱼一样。
   A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.
   没有爱的家不是家,就如同没有灵魂的身体不是人一样。
   He is no more able to speak English than I am (able to speak English).
   和我不会说英语一样,他也不会说英语。
   He is no more considerate of others than his brother is.
   他不体谅别人,就跟他弟弟一样。
   He can no more sing than I can dance.
   他不会唱歌正如我不会跳舞一样。
   We can no more live without sleep than (we can) without water.
   我们没有睡眠不能活,正如我们没有水就不能活一样。
   I am no more out of my mind than you are (out of your mind).
   你我两人都没有疯狂。
   Tom was no more surprised than (he was) disappointed at this news.
   汤姆听见那消息既不惊讶也不失望。
   He is no better (no more good) at English than I am.
   他的英文不好,就像我一样。
  ... no less ... than ...
   结构︰A+动词+no less+B+than+C+动词+D
   说明︰此句型意为“A 是 B 和 C 是 D 一样”。“no less ... than”等於“as ... as”,no less 之后可置<副词>或 <形容词>修饰。
   A whale is no less a mammal than a horse is. 
   鲸鱼和马一样都是哺乳动物。
   He is no less clever than his elder brother. 
   他和他的大哥一样聪明。
   She is no less good at swimming than Mary. 
   她和玛丽一样擅长游泳。
   His parents are no less happy over his engagement than he is (happy over his engagement).
   他的双亲对他订婚的高兴并不亚於他自己。
   He studies no less hard than John.  
   他和约翰一样用功。
   Associating with good friends is no less important to us than choosing good books.
   交益友与选择好书对我们同样重要。
   A good shirt is no less expensive than a jacket.
   一件好衬衫的昂贵程度并不比一件夹克衫差。
   Sports wears, no less than suits, are very much saleable.
   运动服和西服套一样,非常畅销。
  not more ... than ...
   结构︰not more…than…
   说明︰此句型意为“没有比…更多;最多只是和…一样”。等於“at best as ... as”。
   She is not more beautiful than Mary.
   她不比玛丽美丽--顶多只是和玛丽一样美。
   I was not more surprised than he (was). 
   我不像他那样惊讶。
   He is not more handsome than I.
   他不比我潇洒--顶多跟我一样潇洒。
  not less ... than
   结构︰not less ... than
   说明︰此句型意为“没有比…更少;至少与…一样”。等於“at least as ... as”。
   She is not less beautiful than Mary.
   她至少和玛丽一样美丽。
   He is not less interested in composing music than Jane.
   他至少跟珍一样对谱曲很感兴趣。
   He is not less handsome than I.
   他至少跟我一样潇洒。
  no more than ...
   结构︰no more than+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“仅仅…”。等於“only+<名词>”,强调稀少。
   It will take no more than five days to read the book.
   不到五天,我就会把这本书读完。
   It is no more than ten minutes’ walk from the station.
   由车站走到这里只有十分钟的路程。
   I had no more than 2 or 3 mistakes on my English assignment.
   我的英文作业中只有两三处错误。
  no less than ...
   结构︰no less than+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“多达…;足足有…之多”。等於“as many/much as ...”,强调多。
   I received no less than ten thousand yen for my work. 
   我的工资多达一万元。
   The audience was no less than five thousand. 
   听众有五千人之多。
   That hotel probably costs no less than 20 dollars a night.
   那间旅馆的住宿费大约要20元一晚呢。
   No less than ten students flunked the exam.
   整整有十位学生在这次考试中不及格。
  not more than ...
   结构︰not more than+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“最多不超过…”。等於“at most+<数词>+<名词>”。
   It is not more than ten minutes’ walk from the station. 
   由车站走到这里最多十分钟的路程。
   I’ll stay here not more than three days. 
   我将待在这里最多不超过三天。
   For safety’s sake, don’t drive more than 30 kilometers per hour in the city.
   为了安全起见,在市内开车时速不要超过三十公里。
  not less than ...
   结构︰not less than+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“至少…”。等於“at least+<数词>+<名词>”。
   The audience was not less than five thousand. 
   听众至少也有五千人。
   I’ll stay here not less than three days.  
   我将待在这里至少三天。
   Though they think it takes no more than three days to fulfill the mission, I believe it takes not less than six days. 
   虽然他们认为完成这任务只需三天,但我却认为至少需要六天。
  at best + N
   结构︰at best+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“充其量…;只不过是…”。等於“nothing but ...”。
   Don’t expect much of him; he is at best a student.
   不要对他期望过高;他只不过是个学生。
   She is at best a second-rate singer. 
   她充其量是个二流歌手。
   Don’t scold him too much; he is at best a child.
   不要太责骂他;他只不过是个孩子。
  much more /much less ...
   结构︰much more/much less…
   说明︰此句型意为“更不用说…”。“much more ...”等於“let alone ...”或“still more ...”,只用於肯定句;“much less ...”等於“still less ...”,只用於<否定句>。
   She can speak English, much more/let alone/still more write it.
   她会说英语,更不用说写英文了。
   She cannot speak English, much less/still less write it.
   她不会说英语,更不用说写英文了。
   You have a right to your property, much more to your ideas.
   你有处理自己财产的权利,更有支配自己思想的权利。
   I enjoy singing, much more listening to music. 
   我喜欢唱歌,更不用说听音乐了。
   She cannot buy daily necessities, much less luxuries.
   她连生活必需品都不能买,更不用说奢侈品。
   He can hardly run a mile, much less the marathon.
   他连一哩都跑不了,更不用说马拉松了。
   That father can’t discipline himself, much less set a good example for his children to follow.
   那位父亲不能以身作则,更不用说做孩子的榜样了。
  ... more than any other N
   结构︰比较级+than+any other+单数名词
   说明︰此句型意为“比其他任何…都还…”。这是用<比较级>来表示<最高级>的同范围比较<句型>。也可用“<比较级>+than+all the other+複数<名词>”来表示。
   John is more diligent than any other student in his class. 
   约翰比班上其他的同学用功。
   John is more diligent than all the other students in his class.
   约翰比班上其他的同学用功。
   Baseball is more popular than any other sport in Japan.
   在日本,棒球比其他任何运动都受人欢迎。
   Autumn is better for reading than any other season. 
   秋天比任何季节都适合读书。
   Mt. Jade is higher than any other mountain in Taiwan.
   玉山要比台湾的任何山都高。
  ... more than anyone else
   结构︰比较级+than+anyone else/anything else
   说明︰此句型意为“比其他任何…都还…”。这是用<比较级>来表示<最高级>的同范围比较<句型>。anyone else 指人;anything else 指物。
   John is more diligent than anyone else in his class. 
   约翰比班上其他的同学用功。
   Time is more precious than anything else in the world. 
   时间比世上任何东西都宝贵。
   Mary is more beautiful than anyone else in her company.
   玛丽在公司里比其他人都漂亮。
   We pay less attention to time than to anything else.
   我们对时间的不重视超过其他任何事物。
  nothing is ...er than ...
   结构︰nothing(或 no+名词)+动词+比较级+than…
   说明︰此句型意为“没有如此…者”。这是用<比较级>来表示<最高级>的<句型>。
   Nothing is more valuable than time, but nothing is less valued.
   没有比时间更贵重的东西,但也没有比它更受轻视的东西。
   No place is better than one’s home. 
   没有任何地方比得上自己的家。
   Nothing is more pleasant than staying home listening to music.
   没有一件事比待在家里听音乐更愉快的了。
   Nothing gives him more pleasure than helping someone in trouble.
   没有一件事要比帮助陷入困境的人带给他更大的快乐。
   There is nothing to which we pay less attention than time and air.
   我们对时间和空气的不重视超过其他任何事物。
  ... nothing more than N
   结构︰主词+动词+nothing more than+名词
   说明︰此句型意为“…只不过…”。“nothing more than”等於“nothing but”。
   Others are dismissed as nothing more than entertainment.
   有些只不过是被当做娱乐而不予考虑。
   It is nothing more than a made-up story. 
   它只不过是杜撰的故事而已。
   She wishes to be treated as nothing more than a common girl.
   她希望被对待得只不过像一般的女孩子。
  ...er than ever
   结构︰…+比较级+than ever
   说明︰此句型意为“比以前更…”。than ever 等於 than ever before,意为“比以前任何时候…”。
   There it was, ticking away, louder than ever. 
   它就在那里,滴答地走着,比以前更大声。
   You should be more careful than ever. 
   你应该比以前更小心。
   Does she spend more money than ever? 
   她比以前花更多的钱吗?
  better ... than ...
   结构︰better+…+than+被比对象
   说明︰此句型意为“宁可…;最好还是…”。better 之后可接<形容词>,<副词>,<名词>,<动词>等。
   Please try to attend the meeting. Better late than absent.
   请您尽量参加会议。迟来也比不来强。
   Better to postpone the shipment than to cancel the contract. 
   与其撤约还不如延期装运。
   Better reduce the price than allow a discount.
   与其给折扣,不如减价。
  with no N is it ...er than
   结构︰... and with no+名词1+is it+比较级+than+with+名词2
   说明︰此句型意为“…这种情形没有一种…比…更为…”。此种结构,由於有 no,所以用 is it的倒装句型。
   It is unreasonable to regard any language as the possession of a particular nation, and with no language is it more unreasonable than with English.
   把某一种语言视为某一特定的国家所拥有是不合理的,而这种情形没有一种语言比英语更为不合理。
   It is bad to get ill, and with no disease is it worse than with cancer.
   生病是糟糕的,而这种情形没有一种疾病比癌症更为糟糕。
   It is pleasant to chat with friends, and with no chat is it more pleasant than with close friends.
   和朋友聊天是愉快的,而这种情形没有比和知己的朋友聊天更为愉快。
  Who is the most ...
   结构︰Who is the+最高级…?
   说明︰此句型意为“谁最…?”。此句型中若将 who 改为 which,即用来询问一组事物中最具某种特色的,如例句4。
   Who is the oldest of them?
   他们之中谁的年纪最大?
   Who is the most beautiful in their family? 
   谁是他们家里最美丽的人?
   Who is the youngest here? 
   这里谁是最年轻的?
   Which is the most interesting subject for you?
   哪个科目对你来说最有趣?
  the ...est ... not ...
   结构︰最高级+…not…
   说明︰<最高级>词类与 not 并用时,有“甚至…都不…”的意味。
   The most foolish man knows his own name.
   再笨的人都知道自己的名字。
   The loveliest flower cannot beat her beauty. 
   再漂亮的花也比不上她的美丽。
   The greatest scholar cannot solve this difficult problem.
   再伟大的学者也没有办法解答这个难题吧。
   The richest man in the world cannot buy everything.
   即使是世上最富有的人,也无法买到一切。
   There is not the smallest chance of his escape.
   他一点逃走的机会也没有。
   Not even the thickest jacket was enough to keep out the cold.
   就连最厚的夹克也不足以禦寒。
   The strongest man (that) you can think of cannot tear the log apart with bare hands.
   就连你所能想到的最壮的人也不能光用手就将木头撕裂。
  the ...est ... that V-ed
   结构︰the+最高级…+(that)+完成式
   说明︰此句型意为“最…”。that 是<关系代名词>;<完成式>中习惯使用<副词> ever 强调。
   That’s the best book that I have ever read. 
   那是我读过的最好的书。
   That’s the nicest thing that has ever happened to me.
   那是我遇到的最美好的事。
   He is the most diligent student that I have ever known. 
   他是我所知道的最用功的学生。
   That’s the worst performance (that) I have ever seen.
   那是我所看过的最糟的一次表演。
  of all the N, the ...est
   结构︰of+the three/the four/all the+複数名词,+最高级子句
   说明︰此句型意为“在…中,…最…”。但须注意:“of the two+複数<名词>+<比较级><子句>”,表示“两者中…较…”,如例句7。<最高级><子句>也可置於句首。
   Of the three students, he is the best.
   三个学生中,他是最好的。
   Jane is the best of all the students in her class. 
   珍是班中最好的学生。
   Jane is the best of the three (students).
   珍是三个学生中最好的一个。
   Of all the high mountains, Mt. Jade is the highest.
   在所有高山当中,玉山为最高。
   Of all the four seasons, summer is the hottest.
   在所有四季当中,夏天最热。
   Of all the girls, she is the most beautiful. 
   在所有这些女孩子当中,她最美。
   Of the two girls, Mary is more beautiful. 
   这两个女孩中,玛丽较漂亮。
  A is the ...est among ...
   结构︰主词+be 动词+最高级+(名词)+among…
   说明︰此句型意为“…是…之中最…”。<最高级>后的<名词>通常省略。
   The Chuo-shui River is the longest one among them.
   浊水溪是其中最长的一条。
   Which river is the shortest among them? 
   哪一条河流是它们之中最短的?
   Paris is the most beautiful among the cities.
   巴黎是这些城市中最美的。
  A is the ...est N in ...
   结构︰A+be 动词+the+最高级+名词+in+场所。
   说明︰此句型意为“A 是…里面最…”。the 不能漏掉。
   Jane is the best student in her class. 
   珍是她班上最好的学生。
   Mr. Jones is the busiest man in the office. 
   琼斯先生是办公室里最忙的人。
   The baseball game on Tuesday is the most important game this year.
   星期二的棒球赛是今年最重要的棒球赛。
  A is the ...est of N
   结构︰主词+be 动词+the+最高级+of+複数名词
   说明︰此句型意为“…是最…的…”。本<句型>的意思等於“<主词>+be <动词>+the+<最高级>+单数<名词>”。
   Robert Frost was the most American of American poets.
   罗伯??佛洛斯特是最具美国风格的美国诗人。
   He is the strictest of teachers in our school. 
   他是我们学校最严格的老师。
   It is the most popular of movies.
   这是最受欢迎的电影。
   English is the most international of languages.
   英语是最国际化的语言。
   It is the most difficult of examinations.
   那是最难的考试。
   You must make the most of your opportunities. 
   你必须尽量利用机会。
  A is the ...est of all.
   结构︰主词+be 动词+the+最高级+of all
   说明︰此句型意为“…是最为…”。“<最高级>+of all”的<语气>比“<最高级>”强。
   These frozen foods are the most convenient of all. 
   这些冷冻食品是最为方便。
   It is the most important of all. 
   那是最为重要的。
   They are the most dependable of all. 
   他们是最为可靠的。
  A is most ...
   结构︰主词+be 动词+没有 the 的最高级…
   说明︰在以下几种场合里的<最高级>之前没有 the:被用来代替“very+原级”或“very”以加强 <语气>时前面没有 the;most 的含义是“多数”时前面没有 the;用作<最高级><副词>时前面没有 the;带有<所有格>的<最高级><形容词>之前没有 the。
   I think he is a most learned man. 
   我认为他是个很有学问的人。
   A most beautiful girl came to see him yesterday.
   昨天有一个很漂亮的女孩来看他。
   Such a most talented person as he shouldn’t be satisfied with what he is.
   像他这么有才华的人不应满足於现状。
   A comet is at perihelion when it is closest (=very close) to the sun.
   彗星最接近太阳时,它就是在近日点。
   A person is most disappointed when he is in despair. 
   一个人在绝望时最失望。
   He is calmest (=very calm) when he is all by himself. 
   他一人独处时极为平静。
   The sentence of six months imprisonment was most unjust.
   六个月监禁的判决极其不公。
   Most people need six to eight hours of sleep every day.
   多数人每天需要六至八小时的睡眠。
   Most learned men are modest. 
   大部分有学问的人都很谦虚。
   I like apples best of all fruits.
   所有水果中我最喜欢苹果。
   Bill runs quickly, Jack runs more quickly than Bill, and Bob runs most quickly of all.
   比尔跑得快,傑克跑得比比尔快,鲍伯在三者中跑得最快。
   Jane’s worst fault is her quick temper. 
   珍最大的毛病是她的急性子。
   She is my youngest sister.
   她是我最小的妹妹。
  A is the last to ...
   结构︰主词+be 动词+the last+(名词)+to-不定词/子句
   说明︰此句型意为“…是最不可能…”。the last 表示“最不可能…;绝不至於…”,它的后面有时有 <名词>。
   I would be the last to attempt to answer the question.
   我是最不可能去尝试回答这个问题。
   He is the last person (that) I want to see.
   他是我最不想要看到的人。
   This is the last attempt (that) he would make.
   这是他最不可能做的尝试。
   The author should be the last man to talk about his work.
   作者应该是最不喜欢谈论自己作品的人。
  superior/inferior to ...
   结构︰superior/inferior to…
   说明︰此句型意为“优於/劣於…”。这是不规则的<比较><句型>,其后跟 to 代替 than,其他还有“prefer… to…(喜爱…甚於…)”,“senior to ...(年长的)”,“junior to ...(年少的)”等。
   I prefer tea to coffee. 
   茶与咖啡,我较喜欢茶。
   I prefer chemistry to physics.  
   我喜欢化学甚於物理。
   He is superior to his brother in mathematics. 
   他的数学比他兄弟好。
   A cheaper camera is not always inferior to a more expensive one.
   廉价照相机的质量并总不比昂贵的差。
   This plastic is inferior in quality to glass. 
   这塑胶的质料比玻璃差。
   He is senior to me by seven years. 
   他比我年长七岁。
   The president was so young that he was junior to some of his employees.
   总裁的年龄甚至是比他的一些雇员还小。




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