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词汇篇--because误用五例  

2011-03-27 10:24:46|  分类: 英语词汇 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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because误用五例

 

◆他为什么不来? ——因为他病了。

误:Why won’t he come? ---- For he is ill.

正:Why won’t he come? ---- Because he is ill.

析:回答 why 提出的问题,通常要用 because,而不能用 since, for, as 等。

◆因为下雨, 所以我们呆在家里。

误: Because it was raining, so we stayed at home.

正: Because it was raining, we stayed at home.

正: It was raining, so we stayed at home.

析:because(因为)是从属连词,用以引导原因状语从句;而so(所以)是并列连词,用以连接并列句。两者不可同用在一个句子中,改正的办法是:任意去掉其中的一个。

◆他之所没来,是因为他很忙。

误:The reason because he can’t come is that he is too busy.

正:The reason (that, why) he can’t come is that [because] he is too busy.

析:the reason 之后的定语从句可用 that, why 引导,也可以省略,但不能用 because 引导,因为它不是关系副词。另外, 在 the reason why....is that...这类结构中,原认为 is 后的表语从句只能用 that 引导,不能用 because 引导,其实在现代在现代英语中,这种用法已很普遍。

◆他知道她哭是因为他说的话。

误:He knew she was crying because what he had said.

正:He knew she was crying because of what he had said.

析:一般说来,because 后接从句,because of后接名词代词。但是由于 what he had said实质上相当于名词(the thing that he had said),所以其前应用 because of。顺便补充一句, 一 般说的 because 后接从句,通常是指没有引导词的句子,因为 because 已是从属连词,本身已是引导原因状语从句的引导词。

◆他因雨未来。

误: His absence is because of the rain.

正: His absence is due to the rain.

析:becuase of引出的介词短语通常只用作状语,不用作表语,除非句子主语是代词。如:It is just because of money. (那只是因为钱的原因)。

bed前何时用the与不用the

 

◆现在睡觉太早了。

误:It is too early for the bed.

正:It is too early for bed.

析:bed(床) 前用不用冠词的大致原则是:表示与“睡觉”这一概 念有关时,通常不用冠词或其它限定词,反之则用。比较:He went to bed at nine last night.(他昨晚9点上床睡觉),He went to the bed and found a letter on it.(他走到床边,发现上面放着一封信)。

◆躺在床上看书是个坏习惯。

误:It is a bad habit to read on bed.

正:It is a bad habit to read in bed.

正:It is a bad habit to read on a [the] bed.

析:表示“在床上”,用介词 on 或 in 均可,但用 on 时 bed前应有冠词,用 in 时 bed 前没有冠词。但是若是指某一张具体的床,则也可能用两者,如:in [on] that bed (在那张床 上),in [on] the same bed(在同一张床上)等。另外,有时 要暗示人身上盖有东西,也可能用 in the bed。

 

begin正误用法

 

◆电影开始十分钟了。

误:The film has begun for 10 minutes.

正:The film has been on for 10 minutes.

析:begin 是终止性动词, 因此不能与一段时间连用。

◆他们下午两点上班。

误:They worked at 2 pm.

正:They began to work at 2 pm.

析:因 work(工作)是持续性动词,而 at 2 pm (下午两点)是一点 时间,两者习惯上不搭配在一起。但是若持续性动作用于进行时态,则可以不用 begin。如:They were working at 2 pm. (他们下午两点在工作)。

◆展览会将于星期一开始。

误:The exhibition will begin from Monday.

正:The exhibition will begin on Monday.

析:在通常情况下,不能按汉语习惯在 begin 后接用介词 from。

◆他还是孩子时就开始喜欢诗歌。

误:He began liking poetry when he was a boy.

正:He began to like poetry when he was a boy.

析:在通常情况下,begin(开始)后接不定式或动名词均可以, 且含义上没有什么差别。但是若 begin 本身为 -ing形式或后接表 示心理活动的动词等,其后通常只接不定式,不接动名词。

guarantee正误用法两例

 

◆我保证付清他的债务。

误:I guarantee paying off his debt.

正:I guarantee to pay off his debt.

正:I guarantee (that) I will pay off his debt.

析:动词 guarantee(保证)后不接动名词,而接不定式,也可以接that 从句。

 

◆这电视机还不到一年,所以还在保修期内。

误:The television is less than a year old, so it is stillin guarantee.

正:The television is less than a year old, so it is stillunder guarantee.

析:(be) under guarantee 是习语,意为“在保修期内”,注意用介词under,不要按汉语意思用 in。

 

convenient 与 convenience 正误用法典例

 

一、convenient

◆如果你感到方便的话,我就来。

误:I’ll come if you are convenietn.

正:I’ll come if it is convenietn for [to] you.

析:convenient 的实际意思是“使人感到方便的”,而不是“感觉到方便的”,所以不要按汉语意思将 be convenient的主语 用“人”充当。比较:Railway is convenient.(铁路方便),Travelling is convenient for people, where there are railways.(哪里有铁路,哪里的人旅行就方便)。

◆今晚去见你,我很方便。

正:It will be convenient for me to see you this evening.

误:I shall be convenient to see you this evening.

析:be convienent to do sth 通常不能以人或物作主语,而用形式主语 it。但有时也可能用人或物作主语,但此时的句子必须具备这样的特点:句子主语是其后不定式的逻辑宾语,如:Mary is convenient to see on Sunday. / It is convenietnt to see Mary on Sunday.(星期天去见玛丽较为方便),Thefurniture is convenient to move. / It is conveniet tomove the furniture.(这家具搬起来很方便)。

 

二、conversation

◆昨天我同老板进行了一次愉快的交谈。

误:Yesterday I had pleasant conversation with the boss.

正:Yesterday I had a pleasant conversation with the boss.

析:conversation(谈话,交谈)视含义的具体与抽象,可用作可数或不可数名词。have a pleasant conversation是指进行一次交谈。比较以下抽象用法(不可数):Conversation is one of the pleasures of life.(交谈是人生一大乐趣),It can bevery difficult making conversation at a party.(在聚会上有时很难找到话题与人交谈)。

◆我们在一起进行了交谈。

误:We took a conversation together.

正:We had [held, carried on] a conversation together.

析:表示进行交谈或举行会谈,可用动词 have, hold, carry out等,但通常不用动词 take。

 

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